A History of Robotic and Artifical Hands

A list of 195 hands in chronological order. Last updated January 2022. About.


This list is curated by Clemens Eppner.
Any help with correcting existing entries or adding missing hands is greatly appreciated! Please use the following form.
Please note that the dates are based on the earliest available publication records that were found. I am aware that hands are being developed well before this first publication date. Nevertheless, for the sake of consistency the publication date is used.